Yıl 2016, Cilt 20 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 689 - 699 2016-10-26

Yerel zemin özelliklerinin deprem hasarı üzerindeki etkisinin CBS ile değerlendirilmesi
GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns

Sedat Sert [1] , Aşkın Özocak [2] , Ertan Bol [3]


Orta büyüklükte depremler Sakarya bölgesini 10-30 yıl aralıklarla etkilemektedir. Bunların en sonuncusu olan 1999 depremleri bölgede zemin özelliklerine bağlı olarak farklı hasara neden olmuştur. Bu çalışmada, Sakarya Üniversitesi tarafından farklı zemin özellikleri gösterdiği bilinen Geyve ve Arifiye ilçe merkezlerinde yürütülen arazi ve laboratuvar çalışmalarından elde edilen sonuçlar CBS ortamında değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma konusu iki ilçede yapılan sondajlar ve koni penetrasyon deneylerinden gelen bilgiler bir veri tabanına işlenmiş ve CBS tabanlı bir yazılımla değerlendirilmiştir. İncelenen 15 m derinlik boyunca tematik haritalar hazırlanarak, deprem sonrası oluşan hasar jeolojik, jeomorfolojik ve geoteknik açıdan değerlendirilmiştir. CBS ortamında hazırlanan haritalar yerel zemin özelliklerinin davranışı etkilediğini göstermekte, artan taşıma gücüyle ağır hasarlı bina sayısının azaldığı görülmektedir. Ayrıca, killi zeminlerin hakim olduğu bölgelerde sıvılaşma hasarının görülmediği teyit edilmektedir.

Moderate magnitude earthquakes hit the Sakarya region, Turkey, every decade. The 1999 earthquakes, which occurred in the study area, gave different damage patterns due to the variation of soil properties. In-situ and laboratory investigations were performed by Sakarya University in two townships in the Sakarya region: Arifiye and Geyve, which are known to possess different soil properties. Borings and cone penetration soundings were performed around the selected towns and data were entered into a database, which is connected to a Geographical Information System software. Some thematic maps have been prepared for depths up to 15 m and an evaluation of damage patterns has been performed from points of view including: geology, geomorphology and geotechnical engineering in the investigation area. By evaluating the maps prepared in GIS, local soil properties affected the earthquake destruction of buildings. The number of heavily damaged buildings decreased with increasing bearing capacity. It was also proven that the liquefaction phonomena has not occurred in clayey areas.

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Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Sedat Sert

Yazar: Aşkın Özocak

Yazar: Ertan Bol

Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 1 Eylül 2016
Kabul Tarihi : 18 Kasım 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 26 Ekim 2016

Bibtex @ { saufenbilder270023, journal = {Sakarya University Journal of Science}, issn = {1301-4048}, eissn = {2147-835X}, address = {}, publisher = {Sakarya Üniversitesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {20}, pages = {689 - 699}, doi = {10.16984/saufenbilder.01365}, title = {GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns}, key = {cite}, author = {Sert, Sedat and Özocak, Aşkın and Bol, Ertan} }
APA Sert, S , Özocak, A , Bol, E . (2016). GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns. Sakarya University Journal of Science , 20 (3) , 689-699 . DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.01365
MLA Sert, S , Özocak, A , Bol, E . "GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns". Sakarya University Journal of Science 20 (2016 ): 689-699 <http://www.saujs.sakarya.edu.tr/tr/issue/25594/270023>
Chicago Sert, S , Özocak, A , Bol, E . "GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns". Sakarya University Journal of Science 20 (2016 ): 689-699
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns AU - Sedat Sert , Aşkın Özocak , Ertan Bol Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.01365 DO - 10.16984/saufenbilder.01365 T2 - Sakarya University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 689 EP - 699 VL - 20 IS - 3 SN - 1301-4048-2147-835X M3 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.01365 UR - https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.01365 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Sakarya Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns %A Sedat Sert , Aşkın Özocak , Ertan Bol %T GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns %D 2016 %J Sakarya University Journal of Science %P 1301-4048-2147-835X %V 20 %N 3 %R doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.01365 %U 10.16984/saufenbilder.01365
ISNAD Sert, Sedat , Özocak, Aşkın , Bol, Ertan . "GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns". Sakarya University Journal of Science 20 / 3 (Ekim 2016): 689-699 . https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.01365
AMA Sert S , Özocak A , Bol E . GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns. SAUJS. 2016; 20(3): 689-699.
Vancouver Sert S , Özocak A , Bol E . GIS – based evaluation of the effect of local soil properties on the earthquake damage patterns. Sakarya University Journal of Science. 2016; 20(3): 699-689.