Yıl 2018, Cilt 22, Sayı 5, Sayfalar 1438 - 1443 2018-10-01

Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method

Nuray Canikoğlu [1] , Betül Özdemir [2] , Yıldız Yaralı Özbek [3] , Ali Osman Kurt [4]

36 78

Dynamic carbotermal reduction-nitridation (DCRN) is a new approach developed to produce more effective ceramic powder production than classical static system of carbothermal reduction-nitridation (CRN) method. In this new technique of DCRN, powder is produced in a moving system and production takes place at relatively lower temperatures and/or shorter times than CRN method. This study examines production of TiN powder by the DCRN method. The granules were prepared using TiO2 and carbon black powders in the stoichiometric ratio (C/TiO2=2). TiN powders of sub-micron were obtained in a graphite reactor from the prepared granules under N2 gas flow. The effects of various test parameters were investigated for TiN synthesis, such as temperatures of reaction (1350-1450°C), reaction time (0.5-3 h), N2 gas flow rate (60-120 L/h) and reactor rotation speed (2-6 rpm). The phases and microstructures of the powders were characterized by XRD, SEM and FESEM analyses.

Titanium nitride, Titanium dioxide, Powder synthesis, Dynamic carbothermal reduction
  • [1] X. Hou, P. Qiu, T. Yang and K.C. Chou, “Synthesis of titanium nitride nanopowder at low temperature from the combustion synthesized precursor and the thermal stability”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 615, pp.838–842, 2014.
  • [2] A. Chu, M. Qin, X. Jiang, L. Zhang, B. Jia, H. Lu, Y. Chen, X. Qu, “Preparation of TiN nanopowder by carbothermal reduction of a combustion synthesized precursor”, Materials Characterization, 81, pp. 76-84, 2013.
  • [3] A.V. Samokhin, D.E. Kirpichev, N.V. Alekseev, M.A. Sinaisky, and Yu. V. Tsvetkov, “Synthesis of Titanium Nitride and Carbonitride Nanopowders in Confined-Jet Flow Plasma Reactor”, Khimiya Vysokikh Energii, 50, pp. 491–497, 2016.
  • [4] J.F. Sun, M.Z.Wang, Y.C. Zhao, X.P. Li, B.Y. Liang, “Synthesis of titanium nitride powders by reactive ball milling of titanium and urea”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 482, pp. 29–31, 2009.
  • [5] R. Aghababazadeh, A. R. Mirhabibi, B. Rand, S. Banijamali,J. Pourasad, M. Ghahari, “Synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline titaniumnitride powder from rutile and anatase as precursors”, Surface Science, 601, pp. 2881–2885, 2007.
  • [6] H. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Jia, “Preparation of titanium nitride ultrafine powders by sol–gel and microwave carbothermal reduction nitridation methods”, Ceramics International, 35, pp.1071–1075, 2009.
  • [7] D.P. Xiang, Y. Liu, M.J. Tu, Y.Y. Li, W.P. Chen, “Synthesis of nano Ti(C,N) powder by mechanical activation and subsequent carbothermal reduction–nitridation reaction”, Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, 27, pp. 111–114, 2009.
  • [8] J. Pan, R. Cao, Y. Yuan, “A new approach to the mass production of titanium carbide, nitride and carbonitride whiskers by Spouted Bed Chemical Vapor Deposition”, Materials Letters, 60,pp. 626–629, 2006.
  • [9] X. Kan, J. Ding, H. Zhu, C. Deng, C. Yu, “Low temperature synthesis of nanoscale titanium nitride via molten-salt-mediated magnesiothermic reduction”, Powder Technology, 315pp. 81–86, 2017.
  • [10] W. Fenga, D. Yan, J. He, G. Zhang, G. Chen, W. Gu, S. Yang, “Microhardness and toughness of the TiN coating prepared by reactive plasma spraying”, Applied Surface Science, 243, pp. 204–213, 2005.
  • [11] U. A. Joshi, S. H. Chung, J. S. Lee, “Low-temperature, solvent-free solid-state synthesis of single-crystalline titanium nitride nanorods with different aspect ratios”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 178, pp.755–760, 2005.
  • [12] Il-seok Kim, P. N. Kumta, “Hydrazide sol/gel process: A novel approach, for synthesizing nanostructured titanium nitride”, Materials Science and Engineering B, 98pp. 123-134, 2003.
  • [13] R. Shaviv, “Synthesis of TiN and TiNxCy : optimization of reaction parameters”, Materials Science and Engineering A, 209, pp. 345- 352, 1996.
  • [14] R. D. Peelamedu, M. F., D. K. Agrawal and R. Roy, “Preparation of Titanium Nitride: Microwave-Induced Carbothermal Reaction of Titanium Dioxide”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85 (1) pp.117-122, 2002.
  • [15] E.B. Türker, A.O. Kurt, “Dinamik Karbotermal İndirgeme–Nitrürleme Yöntemiyle TiN Seramik Tozu Üretimi”, AKÜ FEMÜBİD 14, OZ5789, pp. 565-569, 2014.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Malzeme Bilimi
Yayımlanma Tarihi September 2018
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-3480-5096
Yazar: Nuray Canikoğlu (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Sakarya University
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9461-7930
Yazar: Betül Özdemir
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9198-4612
Yazar: Yıldız Yaralı Özbek
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0204-9655
Yazar: Ali Osman Kurt
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { saufenbilder384247, journal = {Sakarya University Journal of Science}, issn = {1301-4048}, eissn = {2147-835X}, address = {Sakarya Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {22}, pages = {1438 - 1443}, doi = {10.16984/saufenbilder.384247}, title = {Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method}, key = {cite}, author = {Yaralı Özbek, Yıldız and Canikoğlu, Nuray and Özdemir, Betül and Kurt, Ali Osman} }
APA Canikoğlu, N , Özdemir, B , Yaralı Özbek, Y , Kurt, A . (2018). Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method. Sakarya University Journal of Science, 22 (5), 1438-1443. DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.384247
MLA Canikoğlu, N , Özdemir, B , Yaralı Özbek, Y , Kurt, A . "Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 1438-1443 <http://www.saujs.sakarya.edu.tr/issue/31265/384247>
Chicago Canikoğlu, N , Özdemir, B , Yaralı Özbek, Y , Kurt, A . "Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 1438-1443
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method AU - Nuray Canikoğlu , Betül Özdemir , Yıldız Yaralı Özbek , Ali Osman Kurt Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.384247 DO - 10.16984/saufenbilder.384247 T2 - Sakarya University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1438 EP - 1443 VL - 22 IS - 5 SN - 1301-4048-2147-835X M3 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.384247 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.384247 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Sakarya University Journal of Science Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method %A Nuray Canikoğlu , Betül Özdemir , Yıldız Yaralı Özbek , Ali Osman Kurt %T Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method %D 2018 %J Sakarya University Journal of Science %P 1301-4048-2147-835X %V 22 %N 5 %R doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.384247 %U 10.16984/saufenbilder.384247
ISNAD Canikoğlu, Nuray , Özdemir, Betül , Yaralı Özbek, Yıldız , Kurt, Ali Osman . "Synthesis of Tin Powders Using Dynamic CRN Method". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 / 5 (Ekim 2018): 1438-1443. http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.384247