Yıl 2018, Cilt 22, Sayı 5, Sayfalar 1346 - 1350 2018-10-01

Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite

Hasan Özer [1] , Ömer Hulusi Dede [2]

60 175

The most widely used growing media in the production of potted ornamental plants is peat. However, the studies for alternative solutions are being conducted due to the reasons such as restricted peat sources, high cost, destruction of natural environment due to peat production and variability in the quality of produced peat. In the relevant literature, there are two basic ideas on which the studies have focused on. The first one is the development of new growing media using organic-origin wastes, the second one is the preparation of the mixtures in which organic and inorganic materials are used as a component of growingmediums. In this study which was prepared in parallel with the relevant main ideas in the literature, the effects of perlite utilization on the physical properties of indigenous peat, and on those of the growing media obtained from hazelnut cinder, which is among agricultural organic materials in our country and has considerable  potential to be the most important alternative of peat, were investigated. For this purpose, the physical properties of the growingmedias, prepared by mixing perlite with raw peat and hazelnut husk, at various ratios (10,15,20,25%), were investigated, and the results obtained were compared with sphagnum peat, and with desired properties for ideal growingmedias, in the literature. When the results obtained from the study were examined, it was seen that as well as the highest values were observed in the mixtures using 25% perlite, the perlite addition increased the porosity of raw peat by 68.25% and air capacity by 30.03%, and that the hazelnut husk decreased air capacity, higher than the ideal values,  by 47.19%,thus approximating it  its ideal value range. With increasing perlite ratio in the mixtures, the organic substance contents and water holding capacities of the growingmedias decreased as their pH values increased. However, in applications using 25% Perlite, the shrinkage rates of raw peat and hazelnut husk were found as 17.05% and 6.41% respectively,  and the water resuction times of those were found as 1.52 and 1.21 minutes, respectively. Based on these results, it can be said that the most important contribution of perlite utilization for raw peat and hazelnut husk is to decrease shrinkage rates and water resuction times, and that this improvement will avail in preventing the damages that occur in plant roots due to  drying and shrinking of the growing media, and in decreasing  the irrigation frequency.
Perlite, peat, hazelnut husk, growing media, ornamental plant
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Çevre Mühendisliği
Yayımlanma Tarihi October 2018
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-1816-5172
Yazar: Hasan Özer (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Sakarya University
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8574-820X
Yazar: Ömer Hulusi Dede
Kurum: Sakarya University
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { saufenbilder382895, journal = {Sakarya University Journal of Science}, issn = {1301-4048}, eissn = {2147-835X}, address = {Sakarya Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {22}, pages = {1346 - 1350}, doi = {10.16984/saufenbilder.382895}, title = {Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite}, key = {cite}, author = {Dede, Ömer Hulusi and Özer, Hasan} }
APA Özer, H , Dede, Ö . (2018). Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite. Sakarya University Journal of Science, 22 (5), 1346-1350. DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.382895
MLA Özer, H , Dede, Ö . "Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 1346-1350 <http://www.saujs.sakarya.edu.tr/issue/31265/382895>
Chicago Özer, H , Dede, Ö . "Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 1346-1350
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite AU - Hasan Özer , Ömer Hulusi Dede Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.382895 DO - 10.16984/saufenbilder.382895 T2 - Sakarya University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1346 EP - 1350 VL - 22 IS - 5 SN - 1301-4048-2147-835X M3 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.382895 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.382895 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Sakarya University Journal of Science Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite %A Hasan Özer , Ömer Hulusi Dede %T Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite %D 2018 %J Sakarya University Journal of Science %P 1301-4048-2147-835X %V 22 %N 5 %R doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.382895 %U 10.16984/saufenbilder.382895
ISNAD Özer, Hasan , Dede, Ömer Hulusi . "Improving Physical Properties of Plant Growing Medias Using Perlite". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 / 5 (Ekim 2018): 1346-1350. http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.382895