Yıl 2018, Cilt 22, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 302 - 313 2018-04-01

Removal of Phosphorus from Potato Chips Processing Wastewater by Electrocoagulation Process: Comparison of Electrode Material
Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması

Murat Solak [1] , Nazlı Baldan Pakdil [2] , Mehmet Kılıç [3] , Mehmet Kobya [4]

142 287

In this study, removal of phosphorus from potato chips processing wastewater by electrocoagulation (EC)
process was investigated by using Al and Fe electrodes. Operating parameters affecting phosphorus
removal efficiency such as pH, current density and electrolysis time were optimized. In the EC model
reactor in which either Al or Fe electrodes were used, the optimum hydraulic retention time was found to
be 40 and 60 min, respectively, while the final pH was found to be 7.85 and 8.15, respectively, and the
current density was found to be 65 A/m
2 for both electrode types. In case of using Al and Fe electrodes
under these experimental conditions, the initial total phosphorus concentration of 54.4 mg/L decreased to
10.4 and 5.0 mg/L, respectively, and the initial orthophosphate concentration of 45.3 mg/L decreased to
5.9 and 2.9 mg/L, respectively. Considering the final pH value, it can be pointed out that the resultant
effluent can be discharged without any pH adjustment.
Considering the costs for electrodes, energy and chemical agents, operating costs for the continuous-flow
EC model reactor were found out to be $1.14 and 0.76 per cubic meter wastewater for Al and Fe
electrodes, respectively. It was determined that Fe electrodes are more effective than Al electrodes for the
removal of phosphates from potato chips processing wastewaters, and that the operating costs are lower
when Fe electrodes are used. It has been determined that the orthophosphate and total phosphorus
removal by the EC process is suitable with the second order reaction kinetics.
  

aluminum electrode, iron electrode, electrocoagulation, phosphorus removal, operating cost, potatoes chips processing wastewater
  • Referans1 M. Uğurlu, The Removal of Some Inorganic Compounds from Paper Mill Effluents by the Electrocoagulation Method. G.U. Journal of Science, 17(3), 85-99, 2004.
  • Referans2 A. Günay, E. Debik, Evsel Atıksulardan Biyolojik Nütrient Giderimi. I. Atıksu Sempozyumu, 22-24 Haziran, Kayseri, 57-63, 1998.
  • Referans3 S.E. Manahan, Frontmatter, Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry. Boca Raton, CRC Press LLC, 352p, 2001.
  • Referans4 A. Samsunlu, 2006. Atıksuların Arıtılması. Birsen Yayınevi, 644s, İstanbul.
  • Referans5 V.L. Snoeyink, D. Jenkins, Water Chemistry, John-Wiley and Sons, 451p, United States of America, 1980.
  • Referans6 E. Oğuz, A. Gürses, N. Canplat, Removal of Phosphate from Wastewaters. Cement and Concrete Research, 33, 1109-1112, 2003.
  • Referans7 B. Kıvanç, Adsorpsiyon ve İyon Değişimi Yöntemi ile Sulu Çözeltilerden Fosfat Gideriminin İncelenmesi. Osmangazi Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 147s, Eskişehir, 2011.
  • Referans8 D. Dolar, K. Kosutic, B. Vucic, RO/NF Treatment of Wastewater from Fertilizer Factory: Removal of Fluoride and Phosphate. Desalination, 265, 237-241. 2011.
  • Referans9 T. Tunçal, Management of Phosphorus Removal in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants. chenuz Eylül University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ph.d. Thesis, 242p, İzmir, 2008.
  • Referans10 S. Tanada, M. Kabayama, N. Kawasaki, T. Sakiyama, T. Nakamura, M. Araki, T. Tamura, Removal of Phosphate by Aluminum Oxide Hydroxide. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 257,135-140, 2003.
  • Referans11 Ş. İrdemez, N. Demircioğlu, Y.Ş. Yıldız, The Effects of pH on Phosphate Removal from Wastewater by Electrocoagulation with Iron Plate Electrodes. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B137, 1231-1235, 2006.
  • Referans12 Metcalf and Eddy, Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, Disposal and Reuse, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc., Civil Engineering Series, 1334p, New York, 1991.
  • Referans13 M.F. Pouet, A. Grasmick, Urban Wastewater Treatment by Electrocoagulation and Flotation. Water Science Technology, 31, 275-283, 1995.
  • Referans14 E.A. Vik, D.A. Carlson, A.S. Eikum, E.T. Gjessing, Electrocoagulation of Potable Water. Water Reserach, 18, 1355-1360, 1984.
  • Referans15 J.S. Do, M.L. Chen, Decolourisations of Dye-Containing Solutions by Electrocoagulation, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 24, 785-790, 1994.
  • Referans16 American Public Health Association (APHA), Standard Methods for the Examination of Waste and Wastewater (19th ed.), Washington, 2005.
  • Referans17 http://www.epdk.org.tr/TR/Dokumanlar/TDB/Elektrik
  • Referans18 http://metalavm.com/aluminyum-plaka
  • Referans19 http://www.lme.com.tr/teklifhazirla.php?id=697
  • Referans20 A. Dedeli, Fosfatlama Banyosu Atıksularının Elektrokimyasal Arıtımı, Gebze Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü, Mühendislik ve Fen bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 120s, Gebze, 2008.
  • Referans21 M. Kobya, E. Demirbaş, A.Dedeli, M.T. Şensoy, Treatment of Rinse Water form Zinc Phosphate Coating by Batch and Continuous Electrocoagulation Procesess. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 173, 326-334, 2010.
  • Referans22 M. Behbahani, M.R. Moghaddam Alavi, M, Arami, A Comparison between Aluminum and Iron Electrodes on Removal of Phosphate from Aqueous Solutions by Electrocoagulation Process. International Journal of Environmental Research, 5(2), 403-412, 2011.
  • Referans23 Ş.İrdemez, N. Demircioğlu, Y.Ş. Yıldız, Z. Bingül, The Effects of Current Density and Phosphate Concentration on Phosphate Removal from Wastewater by Electrocoagulation Using Aluminum and Iron Plate Electrodes. Separation and Purification Technology, 52, 218-223, 2006.
  • Referans24 M. Rebhun, M., Lurie, Control of Organic Matter by Coagulation and Floc Separation. Water Science and Technology, 27(11), 1-20.1993.
  • Referans25 M.Y.A. Mollah, P. Morkovsky, J.A.G. Gomes, M.Kesmez, J. Parga, D.L. Cocke, Fundamentals, Present and Future Perspectives of Electrocoagulation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B114, 199–210, 2004.
  • Referans26 M. Bayramoğlu, M. Eyvaz, M. Kobya, Treatment of the Textile Wastewater by Electrocoagulation: Economical Evaluation, Chemical Engineering. Eng. J., 128, 155–161, 2007.
  • Referans27 A.H. Essadki, M. Bennajah, B. Gourich, C. Vial, M. Azzi, H. Delmas, Electrocoagulation/Electroflotation in an External-Loop Airlift Reactor-Application to the Decolorization of Textile Dye Wastewater: A Case Study. Chemical Engineering Processing, 47, 1211-1223, 2008.
  • Referans28 J. Jiang, N. Graham, C. Andre, G. Kelsall, N. Brandon, Laboratuary study of Electrocoagulation-Flotation for Water Treatment. Water Research, 36, 4064-4078, 2002.
  • Referans29 Z. Karcıoğlu Karakaş, M.T. Yılmaz, A.E. Yılmaz, Endüstriyel Atıksulardan Sülfat Koagülantı Kullanılarak Kimyasal Koagülasyon Yöntemi ile Bor Giderimi. Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 2(1), 15-22, 2012.
  • Referans30 P.N. Endyuskin, S.V.Selezenkin, K.M. Dyumaev, Electrochemical purication of wastewaters from production of organic-dyes. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 56, 1100-1102, 1983.
  • Referans31 A.E. Wilcock, Textile Chem. Colorist, 24(11), 29, 1992.
  • Referans32 M.Y.A. Mollah, R. Schennach, J.R. Parga, D.L. Cocke, Electrocoagulation (EC) Science and Applications. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 84, 29-41, 2001.
  • Referans33 M. Kobya, H. Hiz, E. Şentürk, C. Aydıner, E. Demirbaş, Treatment of Potato Chips Manufacturing Wastewater by Electrocoagulation. Desalination, 190, 201–211, 2006.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Çevre Mühendisliği
Yayımlanma Tarihi April 2018
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Murat Solak
E-posta: muratsolak@duzce.edu.tr
Kurum: Düzce Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Nazlı Baldan Pakdil
E-posta: nazlipakdil@gmail.com
Kurum: Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Mehmet Kılıç
E-posta: mehmetkilic@sdu.edu.tr
Kurum: Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Mehmet Kobya
E-posta: kobya@gtu.edu.tr
Kurum: Gebze Teknik Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { saufenbilder340123, journal = {Sakarya University Journal of Science}, issn = {1301-4048}, address = {Sakarya Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {22}, pages = {302 - 313}, doi = {10.16984/saufenbilder.340123}, title = {Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması}, key = {cite}, author = {Baldan Pakdil, Nazlı and Solak, Murat and Kılıç, Mehmet and Kobya, Mehmet} }
APA Solak, M , Baldan Pakdil, N , Kılıç, M , Kobya, M . (2018). Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması. Sakarya University Journal of Science, 22 (2), 302-313. DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.340123
MLA Solak, M , Baldan Pakdil, N , Kılıç, M , Kobya, M . "Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 302-313 <http://www.saujs.sakarya.edu.tr/issue/30829/340123>
Chicago Solak, M , Baldan Pakdil, N , Kılıç, M , Kobya, M . "Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 302-313
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması AU - Murat Solak , Nazlı Baldan Pakdil , Mehmet Kılıç , Mehmet Kobya Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.340123 DO - 10.16984/saufenbilder.340123 T2 - Sakarya University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 302 EP - 313 VL - 22 IS - 2 SN - 1301-4048-2147-835X M3 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.340123 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.340123 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Sakarya University Journal of Science Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması %A Murat Solak , Nazlı Baldan Pakdil , Mehmet Kılıç , Mehmet Kobya %T Elektrokoagülasyon Prosesi ile Patates Cipsi üretim atıksularından fosfor giderimi: Elektrot Materyali karşılaştırması %D 2018 %J Sakarya University Journal of Science %P 1301-4048-2147-835X %V 22 %N 2 %R doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.340123 %U 10.16984/saufenbilder.340123