Yıl 2018, Cilt 22, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 529 - 547 2018-04-01

Global Carbon Footprint Analysis of Turkish Construction Industry
Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi

Nuri Cihat Onat [1]

143 275

The analysis of economic, social, and environmental impacts (termed as triple-bottom-line) of Turkish sectors has become a topic of considerable interest. Especially, there are significant regional and global effects of increasing construction, transportation, manufacturing, and energy investments in Turkey. In this study, with the aim of filling an important research gap, Turkish construction sector, including its supply chain, is analyzed using a web-based global carbon footprint analysis for the first time. In this study, using the World Input-Output Database, which is funded by the European Commission under the 7th Research Programme for the Turkish Construction industry for the first time, carbon footprint of the Turkish construction sector is analyzed both at national and global scales in between 2000 and 2009. A comprehensive sustainability analysis of Turkish construction sector has been conducted considering regional and global environmental impacts. Although similar modeling approaches have been used in various developed nations including United States of America, European Union, Australia, Japan, and United Kingdom, for strategic decision making, there is no such holistic sustainability assessment platform for Turkish economy. With this motivation, this study aims to develop a first, web-based global sustainability assessment platform and used for the Turkish construction industry. Using the extended version of Wassily Leontief’s (a well-known economist from Harvard University) Nobel awarded input-output analysis as a global multiregional input-output model, the model allows users to conduct novel analyses such as time-series, scope-based carbon footprint, production-consumption based, and global impact distribution analyses. According to analysis results, because carbon emissions due to growth in Turkish construction sector are greater the emission reduction stemming from efficiency increases in between 2000-2009, the total carbon emissions of the sector increased in between these years. Scope 2 and 3 emissions (indirect emissions) of the sector is %80 of the sector’s total and the supply chain of the sector needs to be considered to be able to reduce the sector’s emissions. The proposed model is disseminated through an online platform to serve in decision-making processes in ministries, research institutes, universities, and non-profit organizations.

 Türkiye inşaat sektörünün ekonomik, çevresel, ve sosyal etkilerinin analizi son yıllarda önemini giderek artırmıştır. Özellikle artan inşaat, ulaşım, üretim ve enerji yatırımları Türkiye ve dünya ekonomisine doğrudan ve dolaylı etkiler yapmaktadır. Bu makalede, Türkiye için önemli bir araştırma boşluğunu doldurmak amacıyla Türkiye’deki inşaat sektörünün uluslararası tedarik zincirlerini de kapsayacak bir biçimde ilk, web tabanlı ve küresel karbon ayakizi analizi yapılmıştır. Avrupa Komisyonu 7. Çerçeve Araştırma Programınca desteklenen Dünya Girdi-Çıktı Veritabanı’nın ‘World Input-Output Database’ Türkiye inşaat sektörü için ilk kez kullanılacağı bu çalışmada, Türkiye inşaat sektörünün 2000 ile 2009 yılları arasındaki karbon ayakizi etkilerini ulusal ve küresel çapta analiz edilmiştir. Bu şekilde Türkiye inşaat sektörlerinin bölgesel ve küresel düzlemde çevresel etkileri hesaplanarak kapsamlı sürdürülebilirlik analizleri yapılmıştır. Önerilen modelin benzer versiyonları Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, Avrupa Birliği, Avusturalya, İngiltere ve Japonya gibi birinci dünya ülkelerinde stratejik karar vermede kullanıldığı halde, Türkiye için benzer kapsamlı bir model henüz mevcut değildir. Bu motivasyonla, ‘Küresel Karbon Ayakizi Muhasebe Modeli’ (Global Carbon Footprint Accounting Tool) geliştirilmiş ve inşaat sektörü için kapsamlı bir analiz yapılmıştır. Harvard’lı ünlü ekonomist Wassily Leontief’in ekonomi alanında Nobel Ödülü kazandığı girdi-çıktı analizinin küresel modele dönüştürülerek kullanılacağı bu çalışma, zaman serisi analizi, kapsam bazlı karbon ayak izi modellemesi, üretim-tüketim odaklı, ve küresel etki dağılımı analizi gibi yenilikçi yöntemlerle kullanıcılara tedarik zinciri odaklı analizler yapma imkanı sağlamaktadır. Analiz sonuçlarına inşaat sektöründeki büyümeden kaynaklı salınımlar, 2000-2009 yılları arası verimlilik artısından dolayı azalan karbon salınımlarına göre daha fazla olduğu için, sektörün bu yıllar arası toplam salınımı artmıştır. İnşaat sektörünün Kapsam 2 ve 3 karbon salınımları (dolaylı salınımlar) sektörün toplam emisyonlarının ortalama %80’nine karşılık gelmektedir ve sektörün emisyonlarını düşürmek için tedarik zinciri ile beraber değerlendirilmesi gerekmektedir. Araştırma sonucunda geliştirilen küresel modelin başta bakanlıklar olmak üzere, araştırma enstitüleri ve üniversitelerdeki karar verme süreçlerinde yaygın bir biçimde kullanılabilmesi için web-tabanlı bir şekilde internet ortamında da sunulmuştur.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Endüstri Mühendisliği
Yayımlanma Tarihi Nisan 2018
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0002-0263-5144
Yazar: Nuri Cihat Onat
Kurum: İstanbul Şehir Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { saufenbilder311289, journal = {Sakarya University Journal of Science}, issn = {1301-4048}, eissn = {2147-835X}, address = {Sakarya Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {22}, pages = {529 - 547}, doi = {10.16984/saufenbilder.311289}, title = {Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi}, key = {cite}, author = {Onat, Nuri Cihat} }
APA Onat, N . (2018). Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi. Sakarya University Journal of Science, 22 (2), 529-547. DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.311289
MLA Onat, N . "Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 529-547 <http://www.saujs.sakarya.edu.tr/issue/30829/311289>
Chicago Onat, N . "Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 529-547
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi AU - Nuri Cihat Onat Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.311289 DO - 10.16984/saufenbilder.311289 T2 - Sakarya University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 529 EP - 547 VL - 22 IS - 2 SN - 1301-4048-2147-835X M3 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.311289 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.311289 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Sakarya University Journal of Science Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi %A Nuri Cihat Onat %T Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi %D 2018 %J Sakarya University Journal of Science %P 1301-4048-2147-835X %V 22 %N 2 %R doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.311289 %U 10.16984/saufenbilder.311289
ISNAD Onat, Nuri Cihat . "Türkiye İnşaat Sektörünün Global Karbon Ayak izi Analizi". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 / 2 (Nisan 2018): 529-547. http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.311289