Year 2018, Volume 22, Issue 1, Pages 16 - 23 2018-02-01

Manyetik askılama sistemi için 2 serbestlik dereceli PID kontrolcü tasarımı
Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems

Dinçer Maden [1] , İrfan Yazıcı [2]

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Bu çalışmada, açık çevrim, kararsız ve lineer olmayan ikinci dereceden bir yapıda olduğu için bir birçok kontrol problemine konu olan manyetik top askılama sistemine uygun 2 Serbestlik Dereceli PID kontrolcüsü tasarlanmış ve geleneksel PID kontrolcüsüyle kıyaslanmıştır. Sistem fiziksel parametreler baz alınarak modellenmiş ve uygun birer denge noktası civarında Tylor serisine açılarak lineerleştirilmiştir. PID kontrol parametreleri, ikinci dereceden sistemler için uygun bir yöntem olan kök yerleştirme metoduyla belirlenmiş ve aynı parametreler 2 serbestlik dereceli PID için de kullanılmıştır. Önerilen bu kontrol algoritması ileri yol kazanç parametrelerine sahip olduğu için geleneksel PID kontrolcüsüne göre geçici hal performansının daha da iyileştirilmesi mümkün olmaktadır. Geleneksel kontrolcüden kaynaklanan sisteme ait transfer fonksiyonundaki sıfırların sebep olduğu aşımların önüne geçilmiştir.

In this study, two degree of freedom (2-DOF) PID controllers are designed and compared to the conventional PID controller, which is compatible with the magnetic ball levitation system. This system is a subject of many control problems, because it has a open loop unstable and nonlinear second order structure. The system is modeled based on physical parameters and its linearized around the appropriate equilibrium point via Tylor series expansion. The PID control parameters are determined by the root placement method which is a suitable method for the second order systems and the same parameters are used for the 2-DOF PID. Since this proposed control algorithm has feedforward gain parameters, it is possible to improve the transient state performance according to the traditional PID controller. Due to the use of the conventional PID controller, there are some zeros in the transfer function of the system. It can be seen that proposed technique could prevent the overshoots caused by these zeros.

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Subjects Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Published Date Şubat 2018
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Dinçer Maden
Institution: DUZCE UNIV
Country: Turkey


Author: İrfan Yazıcı
Institution: SAKARYA UNIV
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { saufenbilder293282, journal = {Sakarya University Journal of Science}, issn = {1301-4048}, eissn = {2147-835X}, address = {Sakarya University}, year = {2018}, volume = {22}, pages = {16 - 23}, doi = {10.16984/saufenbilder.293282}, title = {Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems}, key = {cite}, author = {Yazıcı, İrfan and Maden, Dinçer} }
APA Maden, D , Yazıcı, İ . (2018). Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems. Sakarya University Journal of Science, 22 (1), 16-23. DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.293282
MLA Maden, D , Yazıcı, İ . "Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 16-23 <http://www.saujs.sakarya.edu.tr/issue/30795/293282>
Chicago Maden, D , Yazıcı, İ . "Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems". Sakarya University Journal of Science 22 (2018): 16-23
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems AU - Dinçer Maden , İrfan Yazıcı Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.293282 DO - 10.16984/saufenbilder.293282 T2 - Sakarya University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 16 EP - 23 VL - 22 IS - 1 SN - 1301-4048-2147-835X M3 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.293282 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.293282 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Sakarya University Journal of Science Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems %A Dinçer Maden , İrfan Yazıcı %T Designing of 2-DOF PID control algorithm for magnetic levitation systems %D 2018 %J Sakarya University Journal of Science %P 1301-4048-2147-835X %V 22 %N 1 %R doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.293282 %U 10.16984/saufenbilder.293282